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The Papers of
the Presidents

The American Presidency Project is the only online resource that has consolidated, coded, and organized into a single searchable database:
 • The Messages and Papers of the Presidents: Washington - Taft (1789-1913)
 • The Public Papers of the Presidents:
Hoover to Obama (1929-2011)
 • The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents: Carter - G.W. Bush (1977-2009)

 • The Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents: Obama (2009-2016)
• Our archives also contain thousands of other documents such as party platforms, candidates' remarks, Statements of Administration Policy, documents released by the Office of the Press Secretary, and election debates:

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The 25 Most Viewed Documents Since 2008
#1 John F. Kennedy
Inaugural Address
#2 Republican Party Platforms
Republican Party Platform of 1956
#3 Democratic Party Platforms
2008 Democratic Party Platform
#4 Republican Party Platforms
2008 Republican Party Platform
#5 John F. Kennedy
Executive Order 10990 - Reestablishing the Federal Safety Council
#6 Democratic Party Platforms
2012 Democratic Party Platform
#7 Republican Party Platforms
2012 Republican Party Platform
#8 George W. Bush
Address to the Nation on the Terrorist Attacks
#9 Ronald Reagan
Inaugural Address
#10 John F. Kennedy
Executive Order 11110 - Amendment of Executive Order No. 10289 as Amended, Relating to the Performance of Certain Functions Affecting the Department of the Treasury
#11 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Fireside Chat on Banking
#12 Barack Obama
Inaugural Address
#13 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Letter on the Resolution of Federation of Federal Employees Against Strikes in Federal Service
#14 John F. Kennedy
Remarks at a Dinner Honoring Nobel Prize Winners of the Western Hemisphere
#15 Franklin D. Roosevelt
1944 State of the Union Message to Congress
#16 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Inaugural Address
#17 Barack Obama
Executive Order 13603 - National Defense Resources Preparedness
#18 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Executive Order 6102 - Requiring Gold Coin, Gold Bullion and Gold Certificates to Be Delivered to the Government
#19 Republican Party Platforms
Republican Party Platform of 1860
#20 George Bush
Executive Order 12803 - Infrastructure Privatization
#21 Abraham Lincoln
Inaugural Address
#22 George Washington
First Annual Message to Congress on the State of the Union
#23 William J. Clinton
Inaugural Address
#24 Democratic Party Platforms
Democratic Party Platform of 1960
#25 John F. Kennedy
Address of Senator John F. Kennedy Accepting the Democratic Party Nomination for the Presidency of the United States - Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles


The American Presidency Project (APP), non-profit and non-partisan, is the leading source of presidential documents on the internet. Our archives contain 122,251 documents and are growing rapidly.

The APP, hosted at the University of California, Santa Barbara, has been a collaboration between John T. Woolley (UCSB) and Gerhard Peters (Citrus College) since 1999.
UC Santa Barbara
The American Presidency Project is grateful for the generous support provided by Lena and David G. Adishian,
UCSB Foundation Trustee and Alumnus
and also significant donations from:

     • Marc Hershman
     • Charles Walcott & Karen Hult
     • Marilyn Lee & Harvey Schneider

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2016 Newspaper Endorsements (Largest 100 Papers by Circulation)

Scorecard
updated November 8 @ 06:05 GMT
(final score)

  • "not Trump" = 3
  • none of the above = 5
  • did not endorse = 26
Hillary Clinton Donald Trump Gary Johnson
Hillary Clinton (D) Donald Trump (R) Gary Johnson (L)
Total Endorsements 57 2 4
Total Circulation 13,095,067 315,666 738,750
Papers that endorsed Obama in 2012 40 0 1
Papers that endorsed Romney in 2012 14 2 3
Papers that did not endorse in 2012 2 0 0
Papers split in 2012 (unable to choose) 1 0 0
See all 100 Endorsements
view 2012 editorial endorsements page
view 2008 editorial endorsements page
Editorial Endorsements by the New York Times: 1896 - 2016
Data compiled by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley.
Top 100 Newspapers determined by circulation data available from BurrellesLuce at
http://www.burrellesluce.com/resources/top_media_outlets
Timing of Newspaper Endorsements: 2008 to 2016
John F. Kennedy Today in History
55  years  ago
John F. Kennedy
Inaugural Address
January 20, 1961
Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice president Nixon, President Truman, Reverend Clergy, fellow citizens:

We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom--symbolizing an end as well as a beginning--signifying renewal as well as change. For I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forebears prescribed nearly a century and three quarters ago.

The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe--the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.

We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Ame ...read full document

Election Resources
The Document Archive Contains 122,251 Records
• Executive Orders 5793 • State of the Union Addresses 96
• Proclamations 7786   • State of the Union Messages 138
• Press Conferences 2072   • Inaugural Addresses 58
• Saturday Radio Addresses 1590   • Addresses to Congress (non-SOU) 55
• Fireside Chats (FDR) 27   • Addresses to Nation 251
• Veto Messages 1158   • Addresses to the United Nations 48
• Radio & TV Correspondents Dinners 40   • Addresses to Foreign Legislatures 74
• Party Convention Addresses 32   • College Commencement Addresses 162

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